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  1. Spectators in the playing area are* subject to the control of the Director under the regulations for the tournament.
  2. Regulating Authorities and Tournament Organizers who grant facilities for electronic transmission of play as it occurs may establish by regulation the terms by which such transmissions are viewed and prescribe acceptable conduct for viewers. (A viewer must not communicate with a player in the course of a session in which the latter is playing.)

At the Table

  1. A spectator may not look at the hand of more than one player unless allowed by regulation.
  2. A spectator must not show any reaction to the bidding or play when a deal is in progress.
  3. During a round a spectator must refrain from mannerisms or remarks of any kind and must have no conversation with a player.
  4. A spectator must not disturb a player.
  5. A spectator at the table shall not draw attention to any aspect of the game.


  1. A spectator may speak as to fact or law within the playing area* only when requested to do so by the Director.
  2. Regulating Authorities and Tournament Organizers may specify how to deal with irregularities caused by spectators.


Any person in the playing area*, other than a player or a tournament official, has the status of a spectator unless the Director specifies differently.

* The playing area includes all parts of the accommodation where a player may be present during a session in which he is participating. It may be further defined by regulation.